Bacteria spread by respiratory droplets; causes sepsis (infection of the blood stream) and meningitis (infection of the tissues surrounding the brain).
Effects of the disease
About one in 10 patients dies. Of those that survive, one in 30 has severe skin scarring or loss of limbs, and one in 30 has severe brain damage.
How to immunise and when
The combination meningococcal C and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine is given at 12 months of age.
Side effects of immunisation
About one in 10 has local inflammation at the site of injection, fever, irritability, temporary loss of appetite or headaches.
If you have any concerns about side effects of vaccines, talk to your doctor or nurse.
Page last updated: 10 Aug 2017