Protect your child from disease

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About vaccines for children

Children need immunisations against many diseases. This protects them while their immune systems are still developing, and prevents them from getting serious diseases. To confirm your child’s specific needs, speak to your doctor or vaccination provider.

The information provided below is a general guide to immunisations for children.

Some recommended vaccines are funded through the National Immunisation Program (NIP), or state and territory programs. Other vaccines are available for international travel, or in the event of specific or medical risk. You can also buy other vaccines privately with a prescription.

Children aged 4 years old or under

The following routine immunisations are free through the NIP for children aged four years or under:

See Immunisation for infants and children for information on vaccines for children available under the childhood immunisation schedule.

Some children who are at higher risk of disease are also offered vaccination for:

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children get additional free vaccines through the NIP.  See immunisations for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Children with medical risk conditions

Children with medical risk conditions that increase their risk of disease can get additional free vaccines through the NIP. See immunisations for people with medical risk conditions.     

Catch-up vaccines

All children aged f5 to 9 years should receive any missed routine childhood vaccinations. Check the NIP Schedule and talk to your doctor if your child has not had all the recommended immunisations.

People aged less than 20 years old get the recommended vaccines free under the NIP. This is if they did not receive the vaccines in childhood. This is called catch-up vaccination.

Immunisation for adolescents

See Immunisation for adolescents for information on vaccines for adolescents through school-based programs.


Page last updated: 30 Mar 2022